Saturday, December 16, 2017

ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු හෙවත් ලංකාවේ Shirley Temple

 

ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු යනු අමතක කල නොහැකි ගායිකාවකි. ඇය විසින් ගයන ලද පෙම්බර අම්මා , සකළබුජං ,  අපේ ආච්චි , අපි වාගේ පුංචි ළමුන්ටයි යනාදී ගීත පරම්පරා කීපයක් විසින් ශ්‍රවණය කරන ලදි. ඇයගේ ගීත මොන්ටිසෝරි වල මෙන්ම  වැඩිහිටියන් ගේ සාද වලදීද ඉතා ආශාවෙන් ගායනා කරන ලද්දේය​. හැත්තෑව දශකයේ ළමුන් ශිරෝමිගේ ගීතයක් ගුවන් විදුලියෙන් ප්‍රචාරය කරන විට සෙල්ලම් කිරීම පවා නවතා දමා ගුවන් විදුලි යන්ත්‍රය වෙත දිව ආහ​.  ඇය විසින් ගායනා කරන ලද ගීත ළමා පරම්පරා කීපයක් විසින් ආශාවෙන් වැළඳගන්නා ලදි.

ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු ගායිකාව මම සලකන්නේ හැටේ දශකයේ උපන් පරම්පරාවේ සංකේතයක් ලෙසටය​. ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ හැටේ දශකයේ උපන් පරම්පරාව යනු Traumatized Generation  හෙවත් ක්‍ෂිතිමය පරම්පරාවයි. මේ පරම්පරාව 1971 කැරැල්ල , 1973 ආංශික සාගතය , 1977 මැතිවරණ ප්‍රචණ්ඩත්වය , 1980 වැඩ වර්ජනය , 1983 ජාතිවාදී කෝලහල , 1988-89 ජවිපෙ දෙවන කැරැල්ල  යන සමාජ ව්‍යසනයන් මෙන්ම  තිස් වසරක යුද්ධයේ නීරස අත්දැකීම් කෙලින්ම හෝ අනියම් ලෙසින් අත් වින්දහ​. මෙම හැටේ දශකයේ ක්‍ෂිතිමය පරම්පරාව යම් ආකාරයකට ප්‍රත්‍යාස්ථව මානසික ආතතියට ලක්වීම අඩු කිරීම සඳහා ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු ගේ ගීත යම් ප්‍රමාණයකට බලපෑ බව මම විශ්වාස කරමි. ඒ මන්ද යත් මෙම පරම්පරාවේ පුද්ගලයන් ගේ ළමාකාලයේ ලද ප්‍රසන්න අත්දැකීම් ගැන විමසුවහොත් ඔවුන් ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු ගේ ගීත අසන ලද අත්දැකීම ගැන බොහෝ විට කියනු ඇත 

ළමා ගායිකාවක ලෙස දොරට වැඩි ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු වැළිකල අද ජීවත් වන්නේ කැනඩාවේය​. මෑතකදී ශිරෝමිව හමු වීමේ භාග්‍ය මම ලද්දෙමි. ඇයගේ ගීත අපට තවමත් මතකය​. ශිරෝමි ගේ  අපේ ආච්චි ගීතය සම්බන්ධයෙන් මට එක් අත්දැකීමක් තිබේ. මෙම සිද්ධිය වූයේ 1986 දීය​. එවකට මම වෛද්‍ය සිසුවෙකු වූයෙමි. අපගේ වෛද්‍ය පීඨයේ සිටි රමේෂ් සිවලිංගම් මෙම ගීතයේ කොටසක් ගායනා කලේ මෙලෙසය​; " කෙන්ද නවාගෙන එරමිටි ඔක්කොම ගාගෙන ... රමේෂ් මෙම ගීතය ගායනා කිරීමෙන් පසුව "එරමිටි ඔක්කොම ගාගෙන" යන වචන සෙට් එක බොහෝ කාලයක් යන තෙක් අපගේ වාංමාලාව තුල තිබුනේය​. 

ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු විසින් ගායනා කල සකළබුජං ගීතය පසු කාලයකදී ගුවන් විදුළියේ සහ සංස්කෘතික අමාත්‍යාංශයේ සිටි තලෙබාන් මොට්ටපාලලා විසින් තහනම් කරනු ලැබීය​. ඊට හේතුව වන්නේ එම ගීතයේ " වත්ත පහළ කටුස්සන් ගේ එකම මාරයා යන පදය අඩංගු වීමය​. සත්‍ය මානව ප්‍රේමයක් නොමැති බොරු කටුසු ප්‍රේමය පෙන්වූ දෙබිඩි සමාජයක් පසුකාලයකදී රුධිර ගංගාවක පිහිනන ලද්දේ මෙවැනි  ව්‍යාජ සත්ව කරුණාව ප්‍රදර්ශනාත්මකව පෙන්වන්නට යාම නිසාය​. සකළබුජං ගීතය  ළමා මෙහෙකාරයෙකු ගැන බව සත්‍යකි. එසේම සකළබුජං යනු මනංකල්පිත චරිතයක් බව ශිරෝමි මා සමග පැවසුවාය​. මේ නිසා සකළබුජං ගීතය ගත යුත්තේ කලා කෘතියක් ලෙසට මිස සදාචාරාත්මක මාපනයක් ලෙසට නොවේ.  

ශිරෝමි ප්‍රනාන්දු ළමා නිළියක ලෙසටද චිත්‍රපට කීපයක රඟපෑවාය​. ගායනයට මෙන්ම නර්තනයට එක්සේ දස්කම් දැක්වූ ශිරෝමි ලංකාවේ Shirley Temple ලෙස හැඳින්වූවාට වරදක් නොමැත​. 

වෛද්‍ය රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 


ශිරෝමි ගේ ගීත පිලිබඳව මෙම ලින්කුවෙන් 


Friday, December 15, 2017

තිඹිරියාගම බණ්ඩාර ගේ හෙළිදරව්ව


රාවය පුවත්පතේ මාධ්‍ය වේදී තිඹිරියාගම බණ්ඩාර මහතා විසින් ඩී. එස්. රණවක මහතාගේ වංචනික ක්‍රියා සම්බන්දයෙන් ප්‍රථම වරට ප්‍රශ්නකරනු ලබයි. ඔහු තම සතිපතා ඉදිරිපත්කරන, 'මනස් සිතුවම්' නමැති තීරු ලිපිය මගින් රණවකගේ ව්‍යාජ තොරතුරු හෙළිකරයි. තවදුරටත්, රණවකට ඇතැයි කියන FICP සහ MICP යන උපාධි සම්බධන්යෙන් ප්‍රශ්න කරයි. රණවක මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් පුවත්පත් කොමිසමට පැමිනිලි කරන අතර පුවත්පත් කොමිසමේ සාමාජිකයන් වූ ලුසිල් විජේවර්ධන සහ ධර්මසිරි බණ්ඩාරනායක යන මහතුන් විසින් එකී උපාධි සහතික වල මුල් පිටපත් ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලෙසට දන්වා ඇති මුත්, මේ වනතෙක් ඒවා ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට රණවක අපොහොසත් වී ඇත. පැමිණිල්ල එනයින්ම අවසාන විය. මේ සම්බන්ධව තවදුරටත් ක්‍රියාකිරීමෙන් තමන්ට සිදුවන අවැඩ වටහාගත් රණවක, ඉන්පසු පැමිණිල්ල හකුලා ගත්තේය.

Thursday, December 14, 2017

The Berlin Wall

 

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge

On November 9, 1989 the East Germany's Communist rulers opened the Berlin Wall as the aftermath of Perestroika and Glasnost and also by the continuous pressure of the Easter German Public. The Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev who played a key role in this historic event got a hero's welcome yesterday.

I still recall some events relating to the Berlin Wall that took place when I was a medical student. When the time I crossed the Berlin Wall in 1988 to enter the West Berlin I had a gut feeling that this wall would not last forever. Being a non White and not look like a German I had no problems with the East German border guards. They allowed me to cross the Wall. But Vethalik who was from Riga had a little trouble and the East German Authorities triple checked his documents in order to make sure that he was not an East German in disguise. But eventually Vethalik was released.

Many East Germans whom I have met at that time were eager to cross the Berlin Wall and go to the West Germany. I specifically remember the words of a young East German whose name was Heinrich. He was so fascinated by the musical show conducted by David Bowie near the Berlin Wall West side. He said to me “my dream is to go to cross the Wall some day and start a new life in West Germany ” Although he had thought that there was a heaven in the Western part we knew the mental picture he had was not hundred percent accurate.


The Berlin Wall was erected in the night of August 13, 1961. This decision was made by the Communist parties of the German Democratic Republic (GDR ) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union met in Moscow and they decided to close the open border between East and West Berlin. The wall separated many families. Dispute the restrictions many people fled the Eastern part and entered the West. Then the GDR took stern measures. They built a concrete wall which earned the name Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the “Anti Fascist Protection Wall" by the GDR.

The total border length around West Berlin was 155 km . There were 302 watch towers and 20 bunkers. Nearly 192 persons were killed on the Berlin Wall when they tried to defect to the West side. In 1953 East Berliners rised up against the totalitarian system but the uprising was crushed with the help of Moscow. In 1955, the USSR declared that the GDR was fully sovereign. However the Red Army troops remained in East German territory, based on the four-power Potsdam Agreement .

The German Democratic Republic, which had been founded on 7 October 1949. Many Germans who opposed Hitler's NAZI policies supported the new regime. The were willing to develop GDR in an anti-fascist model. But strict censorship alienated the people and the regime. GDR became another totalitarian sate. The East German secret service also known as STASI controlled the people with an iron fist even interfering in their private lives. STASI recruited a large number of agents and some calculations have concluded that in East Germany there was one informer to every seven citizens.

One should not forget that there was a positive side of East Germany as well. In the GDR everyone had a legally guaranteed security of tenure and ownership to the properties where they lived. The unemployment rate was low and free education and health care was guaranteed. GDR achieved many victories in international sports. But East Germans may have valued freedom as an utmost valuable component in their lives. Therefore during the Wall's existence there were around 5,000 successful escapes to West Berlin.

In a speech at the Brandenburg Gate in 1987 Ronald Regan said to Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall that stood an obstacle to the human freedom. The disintegration of the wall brought with it the freedom to travel the world and, for some, more material wealth, but it also brought social breakdown, widespread unemployment and social insecurity. Berlin Wall taught us a lesson . Freedom is not cheep. Its expensive.

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

The Psychology of Nazism




By Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge

The Nazi movement which did horrifying atrocities to the people was based on racial superiority. Adolf Hitler who was the main architect of the Nazi organization was supported by many intellectuals. Many leaders of the National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazi) had many things in common. They all believed in destructive Nazi nightmare of racial hearted and ethnic cleansing. What was the psychology behind such a fascist movement which violated basic human rights? Were they psychologically deviated?

Psychologist Gustave Gilbert analyzed many Nazi leaders like Herman Goering, Albert Speer, von Ribbentrop Rudolf Hob (the commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp) etc during the Nuremberg trials and revealed the inner nature of the Nazis. He found that Nazis lacked empathy. In their personal lives they were good husbands and fathers. They loved their children. But when the dark side of their nature came in to action they could kill tens of thousands of men, women and children in the gas chambers. After committing these crimes their conscience were not shattered. They had no guilty feelings.

Nazi leaders conspired to wage war committed crimes against humanity and felt that they are doing it for the betterment of the German people. They saw other races especially Jews as sub humans. There are many theories beneath Hitler’s anti Semitism. Some Germans believed that they lost the WW1 as a result of the betrayal by the Jewish businessmen who did not support the war efforts. But the truth was there were many Jewish officers who fought for Germany during the Great War. Hitler had personal experience which led to deep mistrust and hatred against Jews.

Hitler’s mother was suffering from a breast cancer and she was dying. When her Jewish doctor broke the bad news to young Hitler he thought that the physician was responsible for her death. Hence hefty anger and prejudice was building inside his mind from young days. He was capable of generalizing this anger and prejudice against the Jewish people. When he came to power Hitler’s leadership caused the Holocaust or the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during the WW2.

Nazis committed atrocities in the occupied territories. In the Eastern Europe especially in the USSR they unleashed horrible aggression. Women were raped in front of their husbands and children, men were killed in masses, and some were driven to forced labor. In all these events their lack of empathy and lack of remorse were pronounced greatly. According to Gustave Gilbert Nazis leaders had a dual nature. Above all they believed that they were doing the right thing.

Based on the interviews of the Nazi leaders Gustave Gilbert published a book called Nuremberg Diary in 1947. These documents disclose the psyche of the Nazi leaders. When the Nazi leader Herman Goering was interviewed by Gustav Gilbert, Goering said: "Of course the people don't want war. Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece. . . . But after all it is the leaders of the country that determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along."

People can always be brought to the will of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country."

Goering was obsessed by Hitler’s personality. On one occasion Goering said my conscious is Führer's (Hitler’s) conscious. They were ready to follow Hitler under any circumstances. Therefore many Nazis leaders shared a common mental structure.

Nazis were able to create a mass hysteria and mass conditioning of the German people. Millions of people believed in Nazi propaganda and adored Hitler. No doubt that Hitler was a charismatic leader and an excellent orator. Gilbert studied the inner nature of Adolf Hitler. In 1950; Gilbert published The Psychology of Dictatorship. In this book, Gilbert made an attempt to portray a profile of the psychological behavior of Adolf Hitler.

Why Hitler preached racial superiority? Has he had any doubts about his origin? Hitler’s grandmother Anna Maria Schicklgruber became pregnant while working as a servant in a Jewish household. Hitler made daring attempts to conceal this factor and had fears that his pure Aryan blood was contaminated. When he was about to be the absolute leader of the Germany one newspaper published an article stating that the shape of Hitler’s nose is more Hungarian than German. Hitler was furious about this article and eventually he hunted the journalist who wrote it. Hitler admired the music of Wagner. Wagner was an anti-Semite.

As a boy Hitler was tormented, humiliated and mocked by his father. Hitler’s father punished him for a slightest mistake he made. When he became an adult leader he ruled the Germany with an iron fist. His aunt Johanna was a schizophrenic patient and little Hitler was terrified by his aunt’s psychotic behavior. In the later years Hitler ordered to terminate every psychiatric person in Germany. He could not stand them.

In his speech in 1937 April Hitler said,

All that concerns me is never to take a step that I might later have to retrace and never to take a step which could damage us in any way. You must understand that I always go as far as I dare and never further. It is vital to have a sixth sense which tells you broadly what you can and cannot do.

Hence Hitler was determined to continue his destructive efforts despite the protests made by the civilized world. He misinterpreted the religion and used it to justify his atrocities against Jewish people. In his autobiography Mein Kampf (P46) Hitler mentions the following statement.

I believe to-day that my conduct is in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator. In standing guard against the Jew I am defending the handiwork of the Lord.

Henry Murray, a prominent personality specialist at Harvard University hypnotized that Hitler was deeply confused about his sexuality. Analyzing the metaphors in his book Mein Kampf, Murray says that Hitler was unable to come to terms with his complex sexuality. Henry Murray claimed that Hitler was both impotent and a "fully fledged masochist". His niece Galee became so tormented by his sexual jealousy and committed suicide. Hitler’s sexual inadequacy may have led to exorbitant cravings for superiority. Lothar Machtan has argued in his book The Hidden Hitler that Hitler was homosexual.

Although Hitler proclaimed that the Third Reich was invincible and would last for thousands of years the system was collapsing in front of his eyes. In the verge of the defeat his passion for Germany changed dramatically. Adolf Hitler issued his infamous "Nero Decree," the order to destroy all German industry and infrastructure. Hitler’s Minister of War Industry Albert Speer sabotaged this auto destructive plan. On 30 April 1945 when the Red Army was advancing Hitler committed suicide with Eva Braun in the Führerbunker.

Psychology of Nazism demonstrates the savage part of the human nature. Leaders can tune the people and make them hate and terminate other ethnic groups without remorse. When the people are being desensitized they follow the leaders blindly. Influential charismatic negative leadership can bring total chaos to the Humankind.

Following poem reveals the life time suffering of a victim of the Auschwitz concentration camp and the magnitude of trauma caused by the Nazi ideology.

Auschwitz (By  Ruwan M Jayatunge ) 

My heart cried
When my feet touched Auschwit
Although many years have passed
It seems like yesterday 

I was brought here
Along with my family
We traveled three nights in a cattle train
Fully packed and had no space to move 

When my little sister asked for water
I gave my water bottle with a small loaf of bread
Then she slept on my lap
But I was awake all the time 

When the train stopped
The Doors were opened
There were no welcome signs
The SS men came with guns and dogs
SS-Totenkopfverbände greeted no one 

When I saw Sonder- Commanders
I could read their eyes
They moved like living dead
Gave no word or smile 

It was winter and I felt cold
I took a deep breath
My inner mind whispered
You have come to the land of death 
When the Commandant came
We were separated
Some went to the labor camp
And the others to the gas chamber 

They gased my parents
Along with my little sister
Their ashes were scattered
All over Auschwitz 

Countless nights
I lived with the memory of my family
I worked all day long
But we were under fed 

Famine and cold
Fear and beatings
Humiliations and torture
Every single day
We experienced death 

There was no hope
There was no salvation
Only option left was
The electrified fence 

After many years
We heard rumors
The War is going to end
And the Red Army is moving towards Berlin 

In the final days of the War
The Nazis were frantic
Joshua said
They might terminate us all
On the 27th January 1945
The Red Army came to Auschwitz
Many of us were walking skeletons 

They gave us food
And said soon the War will be over 
Many became astonished
But my feelings were numbed 

On the day of the liberation
Auschwitz survivors were parted
Many went to their homes
But I had no place to go
Because my family was no more
With Joshua I moved to Santa Barbara 

Many years after the war
Again I came to Auschwitz
Not as a prisoner this time
But as a witness 

This is the place they eliminated my entire family
I recalled my parents and little sister
They went through the gas chimney 
Without telling me good bye 

I tightly held Joshua’s hand
When I saw the remnants of the gas chamber
I felt despair
I had no tears to cry 

I could hear many voices in this place
Million and half 
Men women and children
Who were murdered by the Nazis
Then I clearly heard my little sister saying
Sara thank you for coming to see me 

I closed my eyes
I wanted to be alone 

Why did they do this to us?
Why Why ? 

If I could speak to the whole world
I would say a few words
Please do not let it happen
Never again
Never again

මරණ සතරක් ඇති මිනිසෙක්



දවසක් මිනිහෙක් කැලයක් මැද්දෙන් ගමනක් යනකොට ව්‍යාඝ්‍රයෙක් පන්නගෙන ආව. මිනිහ දුවගෙන ගිහින් එච්චර ගැඹුරු නැති වලකට පැන්නා. මිනිහ වල ඇතුලට පනිද්දිම දැවැන්ත කළු නයෙක් පෙනය පුප්පගෙන ෂ්...... ෂ්...... ෂ්...... ගාගෙන මිනිහ දිහාට පනිනව. මිනිහ නයාගෙන් බේරෙන්න උඩ පැනල වලේ පැති බිත්තියෙ වැවිල තිබුන අත්තක එල්ලුනා. මේ අත්ත පැති බිත්තියට ශක්තිමත්ව සම්බන්ධ වෙලත් නෙවෙයි තියෙන්නෙ. අත්තෙ ඉහලින් මී වදයක්. දැන් ව්‍යාඝ්‍රය ඇවිත් ඔය අත්තෙ මුලින් වාඩිවෙලා තමන්ගෙ අතෙන් මිනිහට ගහන්න උත්සාහ කරනව.
ඔහොම ව්‍යාඝ්‍රය පහර දෙනකොට මී වදයට වැදිලා ඒක හිල් වෙලා පහළට පැණි බේරෙන්න පටන් ගත්ත. මරන තුනකට මැදිවෙලා ඉන්න අපේ කථානායකය කල්පනා කරනව දැන් කොහොමත් මැරෙන්න වෙනවනෙ. ජීවත් වෙන්න තව තියෙන්නෙ ටික කාලයයි. ඒ ටික කාලෙදි සතුටින් ඉඳල යනව කියල අර බේරෙන මී පැණි ටිකට කට ඇල්ලුවා.කලින් කියන්න බැරි උනා ඌට ඩයබිටිස්. ඉතින් මීපැණි නිසා උගේ බ්ලඩ් ෂුගර් වැඩි වෙලා ඌට  ඩයබිටික් කෝමා ඇවිල්ලා ඌ මළා. 

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